Rajkotupdates.news:emm-negative-rare-blood-group-found-in-rajkot-man-11th-such-case-worldwide: In 2022, a 65-year-old man from Rajkot, Gujarat, India, was found to have a rare blood type called EMM negative. It is the 11th known case of this blood type in the world.
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What Is an EMM Negative Blood Group?
EMM negative blood group is a scarce blood type characterized by the absence of specific antigens on the surface of red blood cells. It makes it difficult for individuals with this blood type to receive blood transfusions. People with EMM-negative blood cannot donate blood to anyone as they can only receive blood from others with the same rare blood type. The discovery of this blood type in a man from Rajkot has sparked interest among medical professionals and researchers seeking to understand more about this unique blood type and its potential implications for healthcare.
How Was The Rajkot Man Diagnosed With EMM Negative Blood Group?
The Rajkot man was diagnosed with EMM negative blood group through a cardiac surgery test. The test revealed that he did not have the EMM antigen on the surface of his red blood cells, a characteristic of this rare blood type. Further testing confirmed the diagnosis, making him the 11th known EMM-negative blood group case worldwide.
What Are The Implications Of Having An EMM-Negative Blood Group?
While the implications of having an EMM-negative blood group are not yet fully understood, it knows that individuals with this blood type may have difficulty finding compatible blood for transfusions. It is because most people have the EMM antigen on their red blood cells, making it difficult to find a match for those who do not.
EMM-Negative Blood Group Causes
The exact cause of EMM-negative blood is unknown. However, it is thought to be caused by a mutation in the PIGG gene. This gene is involved in producing a protein called glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI). GPI is a glycolipid that anchors proteins to the cell surface. People with EMM-negative blood have a mutation in the PIGG gene that prevents the production of GPI. This results in the absence of the EMM antigen on the surface of red blood cells.
How Rare Is EMM Negative Blood Group?
EMM negative blood group is scarce, with only 11 cases reported worldwide. It makes it difficult for individuals with this blood type to find compatible blood for transfusions, as most people have the EMM antigen on their red blood cells.
What Are The Challenges In Treating Individuals With EMM Negative Blood Group?
One of the biggest challenges in treating individuals with EMM negative blood group is finding compatible blood for transfusions. As most people have the EMM antigen on their red blood cells, finding a match for those with EMM-negative blood can be difficult, leading to delays in treatment and potentially life-threatening situations. Further research is needed to develop new methods for identifying and treating individuals with this rare blood type.
There is no treatment for EMM-negative blood; however, people with this blood type can live a normal life. They should be aware of the risks of blood transfusions and should make sure to have a compatible blood donor on hand in case of an emergency.